Australia’s national service scheme was introduced in 1964, and although it was not brought in to enable australia’s participation in the vietnam war, large numbers of people believed this to have been the case. From 1965 to 1972, 15,381 national servicemen served in the vietnam war, with 200 killed and 1,279 wounded once again the issue of conscription provoked debate within the australian community, with university students and other members of the community taking part in large anti-conscription and anti-vietnam war demonstrations. Conscription in australia, or mandatory military service also known as national service, has a controversial history dating back to the first years of nationhood australia currently only has provision for conscription during times of war.
For an explanation of how conscription worked, and ballot statistics see ann mari jordens, ‘conscription and dissent: the genesis of anti-war protest’ in gregory pemberton (ed) vietnam remembered, sydney, 1990, pp67-72. During the late 1960s, domestic opposition to the vietnam war and conscription grew in australia in 1965 a group of concerned australian women formed the anti-conscription organisation save our sons , which was established in sydney, with other branches later formed in wollongong, melbourne, brisbane, perth, newcastle and adelaide.
Australia supported the defence of the people in south vietnam and intellectual consistency to accept the use of conscription in a war that was supposed to be fought in defence of freedom instead the war got extended. The australian government supported the usa involvement in the vietnam war, and australia felt it was imperative that the north vietnam have a proper defensive treaty, as a number of other countries felt the same way, so seato was created to deal with this situation. Australia and the vietnam war - download as word doc (doc / docx), pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online description of australia's reaction to the vietnam war.
Rowan cahill conscription (national service) was re-introduced to australia in november 1964, and ended in 1972 conscripts were randomly selected by a lottery system for 20-year-old males a conscription story, 1965-69 in reality post-1964 conscientious objection had everything to do with conscription and the vietnam war. Others believed that the war in vietnam was one of a civil nature and that australian forces had no place in it in response to this compelled conscription, in may 1965, a group of.
Organisations such as save our sons and youth campaign against conscription were at the vanguard of the protest movement fighting, in the early days, a lonely campaign against australia’s involvement in a war that had yet to attract widespread opposition. The conscription issue during the second indo – china war in the 1960’s tore apart the fabric of australian society and resulted in divisions in all.
Conscription ended in december 1972 and the remaining seven men in australian prisons for refusing conscription were freed in mid-to-late december 1972   63,735 national servicemen served in the army, of which 15,381 were deployed to vietnam.
Australia's involvement in the vietnam war began with a small commitment of 30 military advisors in 1962, and increased over the following decade to a peak of 7,672 australian personnel following the menzies government's april 1965 decision to upgrade its military commitment to south vietnam's security.